Chilblains are a very common problem of the foot in colder climates. They are virtually unheard of in warmer climates. They are a painful response of the blood circulation in the toes after a foot is cold and are heated up too rapidly. Due to this problem with the circulation not reacting, there is an inflamation related response resulting in small red and itchy skin lesions on the toes. If the problem becomes more chronic the skin takes on a painful dark discolouration as the waste products increase.
The ideal treatment of chilblains is preventing them. Initially, use good hosiery and footwear so that the feet do not get too cold. In the event that the foot does become cold do not place it in from of the source of heat so that it warms up too fast. The foot should be allowed to warm up gradually so the blood circulation has time to get used to the alterations in temperature. When a chilblain does develop it should be protected in order that it will heal up, especially if the skin is broken. Keep it covered to shield it from damage from the footwear. Soothing chilblain creams can be used to promote the circulation and help eliminate the harmful toxins which have accumulated in the skin which are creating the inflammation and congestion. Care should also be taken to avoid further chilblains developing, so the strategies that needs to be used to protect against them must be used even more. It is easy to get another one before the first one has healed up converting this into a chronic issue. If the local measures to take care of the problem do not help, there are some drugs a doctor can prescribe which you can use to open up the circulation. The drugs are not unique to the foot and work everywhere, so may be restricted to the more serious conditions. In the very most severe cases, it is not unusual that they be given suggestion to relocate and live in warmer environments.